An unborn child is undoubtedly a human being, a member of the species Homo sapiens.
The Convention states that:
- “Every child has the inherent right to life” (art.6.1)
- “State parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child” (art.6.2)
- “The child, by reason of his physical and mental immaturity, needs special safeguards and
- care, including appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth” (preamble)
The Convention has not been implemented for all children. The Convention is often unjustly reinterpreted to limit its scope just to children who have been born. lt is true that the practice of abortion is widespread and, in many countries, legal at least in some circumstances. There is, however, a mismatch between the human rights requirements of international law and the practice of individuals and nation states. Prohibitions on abortion by sovereign states are not only compatible with the requirements of international human rights instruments but are in fact the most probable interpretation of those requirements.
SPUC, and in particular its international team - Peter C. Smith, Patrick Buckley and Maria Madise - are working tirelessly, at the UN and elsewhere, to defend the rights of unborn children, especially against the constant pressure of the pro-abortion lobby to enshrine abortion as a human right.
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